fter Orlando, conservative Muslim leaders have become more conscious of the need to defend themselves against charges of homophobia. However, they blame LGBT Muslims for bringing oppression upon themselves and oblige them to uncritically follow their beliefs on homosexuality.

Five commonly held beliefs include that a plain reading of the Qur’an prohibits homosexuality, which is sustained through 1400 years of consensus. Homosexuality is explained through behavioural indulgence, which cannot constitute identity. Therefore, LGBT Muslims are expected to remain permanently celibate as a test from Allah.